Part Six Web Page HTML Basics
If you're doing business on the Internet, learning some
basic web design skills is an absolute must. Not only will you have the ability
to create your own web pages, but you'll also save yourself a great deal
Selecting a Web Design HTML Editor
Although there are many web design HTML editors available
on the Internet, a good editor to start out with is "Coffee Cup." This
powerful editor is great for newbies and experienced webmasters alike. You
can download a fully functional shareware version here:
Web pages are created with special codes known as HTML (Hypertext Markup
Language). These codes, also referred to as tags, are enclosed by the lesser
than (<) and greater than (>) brackets and may be written in capital
or lower case letters.
The opening bracket is followed by an element, which is a browser command,
and ends with the closing bracket.
An element may also be followed by attributes, which are words describing
the properties of the element, and further instruct the browser.
Attributes are only contained in the opening tags to the right of the element
and are separated by a space and followed by an equal (=) sign. The value
equal sign and is enclosed in quotes.
Basic Web Page HTML Document Structure
Below, is a very basic web page HTML document structure.
It contains the opening HTML tag, the TITLE tag enclosed between the opening
and closing HEAD tags, the opening and closing BODY tags and the closing
HTML tag. All of your text, graphics and any additional HTML codes will be
placed between the <BODY> and </BODY> tags.
<TITLE>Your Web Page
Each HTML tag above contains an opening tag and a closing tag. The opening
tag is written with the command enclosed with brackets.
The closing tag contains a forward slash followed by the command enclosed
The opening tag is telling the browser to begin the specified action and
the closing tag is telling the browser to end the action.
The proper way to write HTML is to place your closing tags in sequence with
your opening tags.
of the proper sequence of writing
Notice that the closing tags are in sequence with the opening tags.
When you have several opening tags, the closing tags will begin with the
last opening tag and end with the first. Are you totally confused now? Here's
some more examples.
This is an example of a properly written code:
This is an example of an improperly written code:
Creating a Basic Web Page HTML Document
Begin writing your HTML by creating your document's basic
layout -- beginning with <HTML> and ending with </HTML>:
<META NAME="Description" CONTENT="Description of your
<META NAME="KEYWORDS" CONTENT="Keywords that best
describe your web page separated with a comma.">
This area will contain everything that will be visible
through a web browser such as text and graphics.
<HTML>- Begins your HTML document
<HEAD> - Contains information about
the page such as, the TITLE, META tags for proper Search Engine indexing,
STYLE tags, which determine the page layout and
<TITLE> - The TITLE of your page.
This will be visible in the title bar of your visitors' browser.
Note: Make sure you include your most relevant keyword phrase within your
"title" for Search Engine indexing. A keyword phrase is two or more words
describe your website. For example, if your website focuses on "grooming
dogs" then your best keyword phrase will be "dog grooming."
</TITLE> - Closes the <TITLE>
</HEAD> - Closes the <HEAD>
<BODY> - This is where you will begin writing your
</BODY> - Closes the <BODY> tag.
</HTML> - Closes the <HTML>
Basic Text Elements
<B> - Bold Text
<I> - Italic
<U> - Underline
RGB and Hexadecimal Color Codes
If you would like to specify a certain text or background
color, you can do so by using color codes.
RGB color codes are represented as hexadecimal values. The RGB color codes
contain three sets of numbers representing the amount of Red, Green and Blue
contained in a color. These codes must be used within your HTML to specify
Now, to put the above statement in English...if you'd like to display your
text in a certain color, you must include the hexadecimal color code within
your font tag. Each color has its own color code.
Here are a few of the basic color codes:
Black - #000000
White - #FFFFFF
Red - #FF0000
Green - #00C000
Blue - #0000FF
Yellow - #FFFF00
You can find a 216 safe color chart here:
Creating HTML Links
In order to navigate a web page, you must create links.
Links are created with an anchor, an href attribute and a URL (Uniform Resource
Locator). URL's provide the browser with the location of the link, the name
of the file and the method in which to access the file.
When you begin writing your HTML code, all of your codes will be placed between
your <BODY> and </BODY> tags, as this is the only part of your
web page that will be viewed through a web browser.
You can find an HTML code chart here:
This chart will provide you with all of the basic HTML codes, descriptions
and examples to assist you in creating your web page.
Although this article provides you with a very basic overview of HTML, with
the help of Coffee Cup and the HTML code chart mentioned above, you can easily
begin learning how to create your own web
Copyright © Shelley Lowery
About the Author:
Shelley Lowery is the author of the acclaimed web design course, Web Design
And, Ebook Starter - Give Your Ebooks the look and feel of a REAL book.
Visit Web-Source.net to sign up for a complimentary subscription to Etips
and receive a copy of the acclaimed ebook, "Killer Internet Marketing
You have permission to publish this article electronically, in print,
in your ebook or on your web site, free of charge, as long as the author
bylines are included.